What is a practice approach?

A practice approach is an instrument approach where there is no landing intended. Practice instrument approaches are considered to be instrument approaches made by either a VFR aircraft not on an IFR flight plan or an aircraft on an IFR flight plan.

What will happen when you announce a missed approach?

When a missed approach is initiated Tower will issue you a go around, with an instruction to make left or right traffic. They will then hand you to approach, once handed off you should say “executing missed approach”. The missed approach procedure will include an initial heading and altitude to climb to.

When to go missed

Generally, if a pilot determines by the time the aircraft is at the decision height (for a precision approach) or missed approach point (for a non-precision approach), that the runway or its environment is not in sight, or that a safe landing cannot be accomplished for any reason, the landing approach must be discontinued and the missed approach procedure must be immediately initiated.

Calculating your descent rate

If you’re flying your aircraft on a roughly 3 degree glideslope, try multiplying your groundspeed by 5 to estimate your descent rate. The result will be an FPM value for descent that you should target.

For example, your ground speed is 90knts. Multiply your ground speed by 5, equaling 450. A 450 FPM descent rate will keep you on glide.