There is no substitute for hard work. -Thomas Edison

Hard work beats talent when talent doesn’t work hard.

June 23, 2019 by Kyle Boas


Ever heard of “Bend it like Beckham”? Whippage is a football (soccer) term, used to describe the amount of curve you put on the ball when shooting.

It’s also the word I use to describe this Radar frequency technique, primarily used when clearing aircraft for an ILS/GPS Approach.

It’s required that you clear an aircraft on a heading where they would intercept the localizer on a 10 to 30 degree angle. Nothing more nothing less. So if you have N632KB on right base for runway 2, you’d need to clear N623KB on a heading of 010 to 350. But if you know the aircraft will be cleared too late, then you can then whip them around. Instead, you could clear N623KB at 030 to 050. Still the required 10 to 30 degree angle.

June 22, 2019 by Kyle Boas

Vague Flight Rules

In the real world, regulations do not set a specific distance that pilots flying under VFR must maintain. The following guideline is provided in §91.111 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.

§91.111, Operating near other aircraft: (a) No person may operate an aircraft so close to another aircraft as to create a collision hazard. (b) No person may operate an aircraft in formation flight except by arrangement with the pilot in command of each aircraft in the formation.

June 21, 2019 by Kyle Boas

Space out at cruise

In the real world, at higher operating speeds above 10,000 feet and based on the type of Radar and distance from the antennae — a 5 mile rule is applied laterally. This is true in most but not all situations. In Infinite Flight there is no set rule for pilots to follow, but this should be a guideline you try to follow while flying on any server.

June 20, 2019 by Kyle Boas

Was that for me, or someone else?

According to a study by the Dutch National Research Laboratory (NLR):

NLR found that the contributory factors most often cited in communication problems involving similar call signs were related to human factors:
(a) controller accent (34%);
(b) controller speech rate (28%);
(c) pilot distraction (25%); (d) pilot expectation (22%); (e) pilot fatigue (20%).

If someone has a similar callsign as you, pay attention and be mindful.

June 19, 2019 by Kyle Boas

How are airline callsigns assigned?

Three things are to be considered when assignig an airline a new ICAO three letter code.

  • The three letter code must be unique to the aircraft operator
  • The R/T designator (callsign) must not cause confusion with other operators flying in the same area, preferably at most three syllables long and it must be pronounceable in at least one of the following languages; English, French, Spanish or Russian.
  • Since there are many operators that have “airline” or “airways” in their name, that word is usually avoided in the R/T designator as it easily causes confusion.
June 18, 2019 by Kyle Boas

One airport, two different approaches

Efficiency is one of the most important parts of being a controller. Each controller will have their own strategy, no two approaches are a like.

That is particularly try for this session I had with two radar controllers, both using different strategies. I’d encourage you to watch this video of a time-lapse if that session for context.

The first strategy can be seen depicted here, and in the video. The workload for me, final approach was quite high, maintaining spacing mostly via speed commands. I had room on the 5000ft leg and 4000ft leg to slot people in if they needed slotted in. That can be seen on occasions in the video, with go arounds.

The second strategy was very nice looking. Depicted here and in the video, the spin cycle was very pleasing on the eye. Lower workload for final approach, but less margin for error and only one leg to create space for go arounds and inbound aircraft from all directions.

After reviewing the replay and doing some math, I’ve determined that the first strategy was more efficient. As most of the traffic came from the East and South, I compared the two. For the first strategy; it took aircraft 32 minutes to fly the entire approach from the South and 36 minutes from the West. For the second strategy; it took aircraft 43 minutes to fly the entire approach from the South and 52 minutes from the West. Large differences, I’d prefer the first strategy but both are great options in comparison to any others. Whatever works!

June 17, 2019 by Kyle Boas

ATC Zero

ATC Zero is an official term by the FAA that means the FAA is unable to safely provide the published ATC services within the airspace managed by a specific facility. In this video by VASAviation you can see this in action when Miami International lost all power.

June 15, 2019 by Kyle Boas


SODPROPS is an acronym for Simultaneous opposite direction parallel runway operations, used as a method of coordinating the arrival and departure of aircraft on parallel runways in opposite directions. Controlling is all about finding the best traffic flow to maximize efficiency, and in some cases SODPROPS is the best and most efficient strategy to push tin.

You will see airports across the globe from KLAX, YSSY, URSS, ect. using SODPROPS. Watch on FlightRadar24 or if you’re lucky enough, in person, it’s a site to see in action.

June 14, 2019 by Kyle Boas